The website was developed under the direction of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Access to and use of this website is provided subject to the following terms of use:

  1. Your use of this website constitutes acceptance of these Terms of Use as at the date of your first use of the site.
  2. The ESC reserves the right to change these Terms of Use at any time by posting changes online. Your continued use of this website after changes are posted constitutes your acceptance of this agreement as modified.
  3. You agree to use this website only for lawful purposes and in a manner which does not infringe the rights or restrict, or inhibit the use and enjoyment of the site by any third party.
  4. The website contains links to websites operated by parties other than the ESC. Such links are provided for the User's convenience only. The ESC does not control such websites, and is not responsible for their content. The inclusion of links to such websites does not imply any endorsement of the material on such websites or any association with their operators. The User is solely responsible for evaluating the accuracy and completeness of any information contained on the third party websites, and also the value and integrity of any goods and services offered by such websites.

Copyright restrictions

The website is owned by the European Society of Cardiology (ESC). Commercial use or publication of all or any item displayed is strictly prohibited without prior written authorisation from the ESC.

Documents on this website may be copied for personal, non-commercial use only on the condition that copyright and source indications are also copied, no modifications are made and the document is copied entirely. However, some documents and photos have been published on this website with the permission of the relevant copyright owners (who are not the ESC). All rights are reserved on these documents and permission to copy them must be requested from the copyright owners (the sources are indicated within these documents/photographs).

Any unapproved use may result in actions being taken by the ESC to require removal of material concerned from display/distribution and possible legal action. For any question on Intellectual Property, please contact us.


The component information of the web site is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice or medical care. The advice of a medical professional should always be sought prior to commencing any form of medical treatment. To this end, all component information contained within the web site is done so for solely educational purposes. The ESC and all of its staff, agents and members disclaim any and all warranties and representations with regards to the information contained on the ESC Web Site. This includes any implied warranties and conditions that may be derived from the aforementioned web site information.

In no event will the ESC be liable for any damages including, without limitation, indirect or consequential damages, or any damages or loss of profits whatsoever arising from the use or in connection with such use or loss of use of the site, whether in contract or in negligence.


Under no circumstances will the ESC or any affiliated staff or website contributors, be liable to you, as a website visitor or any other person or body, for any decision taken or acted upon as a result of reliance on the information contained within the website. You agree that neither the ESC or any affiliated staff or website contributors, will be responsible for any damage (including without imitation, direct, indirect, incidental, special or consequential damages), or loss of data or loss of profit, even if the ESC or any affiliated staff or website contributors, has been advised of the possibility of such a loss.

The ESC does not warrant that the technical functions contained in the material contained in this website will be uninterrupted or error free, that defects will be corrected, or that this website or the server that makes it available are free of viruses or bugs or represents the full functionality, accuracy and reliability of the materials.


You irrevocably indemnify the ESC and its affiliated staff and web site contributors, from and against, any and all losses, damages and costs, suffered or incurred by the ESC and its affiliated staff and web contributors, of whatsoever nature, arising out of or in connection with, your use, provision, or distribution of information or any part of the ESC Web Site component contents, that arise in relation to any breach of these Terms and Conditions by you.

Legal Jurisdiction and Applicable Law

Any disputes relating to the ESC Web Site or to these Terms & Conditions shall be brought before the court at Tribunal de Grand Instance, 06310 Grasse, France and will be governed and analysed according to French law, on their merits, independently of the rules concerning conflicting legislation.

If these Terms of Use are not accepted in full, the use of this site must be terminated immediately.